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British History Online - Parishes: Great Faringdon pt3


Pye of Faringdon. Ermine a bend indented gules.

GREAT FARINGDON


Farendone (xi cent.); Farendon, Ferendun (xii cent.); 
Great Faryngdon alias Chepyngfaryngdon (xv cent.).

'Parishes: Great Faringdon', in A History of the County of Berkshire: Volume 4, ed. William Page and P H Ditchfield (London, 1924), pp. 489-499. British History Online.


In 1547 the hundred and what seems to have been the manor were granted to Thomas Lord Seymour. (fn. 105) On his attainder it reverted to the Crown, and was given by Queen Mary in July 1554 to Sir Francis Englefield. (fn. 106)Some four months later he released all his right to John Yate, who in 1555 sold the manor to Toby Pleydell. (fn. 107)After his death in 1583 his son, (fn. 108) John Pleydell, (fn. 109) in 1590 obtained licence to alienate the manor to Sir Henry Unton. (fn. 110) Sir Henry settled the manor in 1595 on Dorothy his wife, with remainders to the sons of his sisters Anne and Cecily. (fn. 111) Cecily wife of John Wentworth was still living at Sir Henry's death in 1596, but Anne was dead, leaving by her husband Valentine Knightley three daughters, Elizabeth, Anne and Mary. (fn. 112) A dispute between John Wentworth and Valentine Knightley was settled by an award of 1597, under which Dame Dorothy was to hold the manor for life; it was then to be held for life by John and Cecily Wentworth with successive remainders to John Wentworth, their eldest son, and William, Michael and Roger, his younger brothers. (fn. 113) The manor was conveyed by Sir John Wentworth (fn. 114) in February 1622–3 to Sir Robert Pye, (fn. 115) but Dame Dorothy Unton was still living at Faringdon in 1631. (fn. 116)

Sir Robert Pye, who had much influence in the neighbourhood, represented Woodstock in the Long Parliament (fn. 117) and died in 1662, when he was succeeded by Robert his son, who had married Anne daughter of John Hampden, and was himself a strong Parliamentarian. (fn. 118) He died in 1701, (fn. 119) leaving two son, Hampden, who died young, and Edmund, who eventually succeeded to the property. (fn. 120) Henry Pye, son of Edmund, married Jane Curzon in 1705, (fn. 121) when a settlement of the manor was made. Henry son of Henry Pye married in 1740, when the manor was again the subject of a settlement. (fn. 122) The son and heir of the younger Henry was Henry James Pye, the poet laureate, who in 1776 mortgaged the manor to Henry Earl of Pembroke. (fn. 123) The manor was sold before 1806 to William Hallett. (fn. 124) He and William his son made a conveyance of it in the following year, (fn. 125) and in 1847 it was in the possession of Daniel Bennett, whose trustees now exercise the manorial rights.
The royal manor of Faringdon was granted to the Abbot and convent of Beaulieu by King John with all liberties and free customs appertaining thereto. (fn. 126) At the beginning of the reign of Edward I (fn. 127) the abbot had here free warren under a charter of Henry III (fn. 128) and the assize of bread and ale. He also claimed the goods and chattels of felons and fugitives, (fn. 129) and could not be impleaded save before the king or the chief justice. (fn. 130) The manor was ancient demesne of the Crown.
Before the Conquest Harold also held land assessed at 10 hides in LITTLE COXWELL (fn. 131) (alias Cocheswelle, xi cent.; Little Cokeswelle, xiv cent.; Little Cockswell, xvi cent.; Little Coxwell, xvii cent.). It has followed throughout the descent of Great Coxwell (q.v.), and is now in the possession of the Hon. Mrs. M. E. Pleydell-Bouverie of Coleshill.
The 4 hides held by Alsi in 1086 (fn. 132) seem to have formed part of the barony of Buckland, (fn. 133) and were granted by Hawise 'de Lamvalery' to the Hospitallers. (fn. 134) The land seems to have been accounted in Worth, (fn. 135) and at least 10 acres were close to the Thames. (fn. 136) It formed the tithing of HOSPITAL(fn. 137) and appears to have come with the manor of Wadley (q.v.) into the possession of the Provost and scholars of Oriel College, Oxford.
It seems possible that a certain amount of land was retained by the lords of Buckland, for negotiations were being carried on in 1301–2 for its alienation by John de Lenham to the abbey of Beaulieu. (fn. 138) In 1313 John settled 8 virgates, a toft, and 9s. 4¼d. rent here on John de Lenham the younger, Maud his wife, and their issue. (fn. 139)John and Maud in 1320 obtained licence to alienate two parts (fn. 140) of these premises to Thomas Cock of London, merchant, Alice his wife and Thomas their son. (fn. 141) Thomas Cock, sen., died about 1332, when Alice and the younger Thomas came jointly into possession. (fn. 142) By 1428 this holding was in the tenure of John Taylor. (fn. 143) It was perhaps this land 'in Fennicourte' that passed on the death of Richard Holcott of Barcote in 1503 to Robert his son. (fn. 144) No further history of this tenement has, however, been traced. (fn. 145)
Thirty-one hides of land in WORTH (Ordia, xi cent.; Word, xii cent.; Werda, Wurda, Wrthe, Wurth, xiii cent.) were held by Harold before the Conquest; by 1086 it was for the most part royal demesne, though 2 hides were held by Alsi and 3 hides by Alviet. (fn. 146) In the 12th century Worth, as a member of Faringdon, was granted by King Stephen to the abbey of Thame, (fn. 147) which resigned it to Henry II, and he granted it in 1186–9 to the abbey of Stanley (Wilts). (fn. 148) The gift was confirmed by Richard I, (fn. 149) and a release was obtained from the abbey of Thame in or about 1270. (fn. 150) The manor was already known by its later name of WADLEY (fn. 151) (Wadeley, xiii cent.; Wadele, Wadle, Wadelee, xiv cent.), and in 1291 the land of the abbey of Stanley was described as in Wadley and Wicklesham. (fn. 152) In 1342 lands here were in the hands of the Crown; the royal escheator had seized it on the pretext that the Abbot of Stanley no longer performed his service of making a weekly distribution on Wednesdays and Fridays of 12 quarters of every kind of corn in the year. (fn. 153) The tale proved to be baseless, and the lands were restored to the abbey. (fn. 154) Eleven years later the abbey obtained licence to lease the manor for their lives to Thomas Dolsaby and Richard de Cawston, (fn. 155) who in 1362 conveyed their interest to Roger Rotour and Thomas de Bouwood, (fn. 156) apparently as trustees of Sir Richard de Pembridge. (fn. 157) In the following year Sir Richard obtained a feoffment of the manor lately called Worth, 'now called the manors of WADLEY and WICKLESHAM (Wykyngsham, xiv cent.; Wikinggisham, xv cent.)' from the Abbot and convent of Stanley. (fn. 158) In February 1363–4 a settlement of the manors was made on the new lord in tail with contingent remainder to the king. (fn. 159) Sir Richard was on service in the French wars, (fn. 160) and in 1366 was reported to be dead (fn. 161); but he returned to England before 1370, when he granted a yearly rent-charge of 200 marks from the manors to Sir Ralph Spigurnell. (fn. 162) In 1375, however, Sir Richard died, leaving an only child Henry, aged twelve. (fn. 163)The boy only survived his father a few months, and the manor then passed under the settlement of February 1363–4 to the Crown. (fn. 164) The manor was granted in 1376 to Sir Gilbert Talbot and his issue male. (fn. 165) He died in 1399, (fn. 166) when dower was assigned in the manor to Margaret his widow. (fn. 167) The remaining two-thirds of the manor were held by their son Richard Talbot, an infant under a year old in April 1399. (fn. 168) He died in or about 1413, and the manor again reverted to the Crown. (fn. 169) Henry V straightway gave the manor to his captain, Sir Thomas Erpingham, for life, (fn. 170) and the reversion to Erpingham's kinsman John Phillips and Maud his wife. (fn. 171) Both John and Maud died childless (fn. 172) before Sir Thomas, and in 1415 Henry V granted the reversion to his knight Sir William Porter and his issue male. (fn. 173) The grant to Sir Thomas was confirmed in 1422, (fn. 174) and he died in possession six years later, (fn. 175) when his two-thirds of the manor passed to Sir William Porter, as did the remaining third when Margaret widow of Sir Gilbert Talbot died in 1434. (fn. 176) Sir William died in 1436, (fn. 177) dower being assigned to Agnes his widow. (fn. 178) The remaining two-thirds of the manor were then granted to the Archbishop of York, but the Letters Patent were surrendered, (fn. 179) and in 1437 it was given for life to John Norreys, (fn. 180) who was afterwards associated with Alice his wife. (fn. 181)
The reversion of the manor was granted by Henry VI to the Provost and scholars of Oriel College, Oxford, in 1440, (fn. 182) and early in the following year the college obtained actual possession by grant of John and Alice Norreys. (fn. 183) The college obtained a regrant of the manor from Edward IV, (fn. 184) and it is still part of the endowment of the college, though it has been continually let on lease to the present day.

Footnotes

  • 105The Unton Invent. (Berks. Ashmolean Soc.), p. lxxix.
  • 106. Ibid.; Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 215, no. 21.
  • 107The Unton Invent. (Berks. Ashmolean Soc.), p. lxxx; Memo. R. (Exch. L.T.R.), Trin. 5 Eliz. m. 16.
  • 108. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), cciii, 42. He was buried in Faringdon Church, where an inscription to him may be seen.
  • 109. Pat. 27 Eliz. pt. xiv, m. 6.
  • 110. Feet of F. Div. Co. East. 32 Eliz.; under Pat. 32 Eliz. pt. xxi, m. 24.
  • 111. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccliii, 100.
  • 112. Ibid.
  • 113. Ibid.; Recov. R. Mich. 39 Eliz. m. 190; Chan. Proc. (Ser. 2), bdle. 273, no. 30.
  • 114. cf. Recov. R. Mich. 7 Jas. I, m. 184; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iv, App. i, 119.
  • 115. Add. MS. 9409, fol. 247.
  • 116Cal. S. P. Dom. 1629–31, p. 299; 1631–3, p. 155.
  • 117. Ibid. 1639–40, p. 162; Ret. of Memb. of Parl. i, 492.
  • 118Dict. Nat. Biog. He afterwards supported William III.
  • 119. Ibid.
  • 120. Ibid.
  • 121Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. iv, App. 186; Recov. R. East. 4 Anne, m. 262.
  • 122. Recov. R. Mich. 14 Geo. II, m. 178; Feet of F. Div. Co. Mich. 14 Geo. II; Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich. 17 Geo. III, m. 157.
  • 123. Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich. 17 Geo. III, m. 157; Hil. 17 Geo. III, m. 54.
  • 124. G. A. Cooke, The Modern British Traveller, i, 88.
  • 125. Recov. R. Mich. 48 Geo. III, m. 347.
  • 126. Cott. MS. Nero A. xii, fol. 5. The rights of the house were only established after much opposition (Close, 12 Hen. III, m. 11, 14; Cal. Close, 1234–7, p. 212; Cott. MS. Nero A. xii, fol. 5 d.–6; fol. 12 d.).
  • 127Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), 1, 9, 15.
  • 128. Cott. MS. Nero A. xii, fol. 6 d.
  • 129. Assize R. 44, m. 3 d.
  • 130Hund. R. (Rec. Com.), i, 10.
  • 131V.C.H. Berks. i, 332.
  • 132. Ibid.
  • 133Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), iii, 123.
  • 134. Ibid. 125.
  • 135. Ibid.
  • 136. Cott. MS. Nero A. xii, fol. 45.
  • 137. Ibid. fol. 45b.
  • 138. Chan. Inq. p.m. 30 Edw. I, no. 123. In 1305 the abbot recovered damages against John and others for cutting down his wood at Westbrook (Abbrev. Plac. [Rec. Com.], 255).
  • 139Cal. Pat. 1307–13, p. 590.
  • 140. With reversion of the dower third held by Julian wife of Roger de Aspelegh.
  • 141Cal. Pat. 1317–21, p. 448.
  • 142. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 13; Cal. Close, 1330–3, p. 468.
  • 143Feud. Aids, i, 67. The feoffees of John Taylor were concerned in litigation with John Ody and Agnes his wife over a messuage called the George (Early Chan Proc. bdle. 19, no. 125).
  • 144. Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), vii, 59.
  • 145. For other holdings in Faringdon see Com. Pleas D. Enr. Mich. 2 & 3 Eliz.
  • 146V.C.H. Berks. i, 334.
  • 147. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), A. 4864, 6685; Dugdale, Mon. v, 564.
  • 148. Dugdale, loc. cit.
  • 149. Ibid.
  • 150. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), A. 4864.
  • 151. The name Wadley is added as explanation to the endorsement of the above deed.
  • 152Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 191; cf. Testa de Nevill (Rec. Com.), 125.
  • 153Cal. Close, 1341–3, p. 584. It had been let at farm since at least 1317 (Cal. Pat. 1313–17, p. 658; 1317–21, p. 343).
  • 154Cal. Close, 1341–3, p. 584.
  • 155Cal. Pat. 1350–4, p. 480; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 234; Inq. a.q.d. file 314, no. 11; Cal. Pat. 1354–8, p. 52.
  • 156Cal. Pat. 1361–4, p. 181.
  • 157. Ibid. 268; Abbrev. Rot. Orig. (Rec. Com.), ii, 274.
  • 158Cal. Pat. 1361–4, pp. 347, 351; Anct. D. (P.R.O.), A. 170.
  • 159. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), A. 146, 168, 169; Cal. Pat. 1361–4, p. 468.
  • 160. See Cal. Pat. 1361–4, p. 458.
  • 161. Ibid.; Chan. Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. III, pt. ii (1st nos.), no. 28.
  • 162Cal. Close, 1369–74, p. 187; cf. ibid. p. 168.
  • 163. Chan. Inq. p.m. 49 Edw. III, pt. ii (1st nos.), no. 28.
  • 164. Ibid.
  • 165. Ibid. 12 Hen. VI, no. 30; Cal. Pat. 1413–14, p. 128; cf. Hanney.
  • 166. Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 47.
  • 167. Ibid. no. 103. It was found that Richard de Pembridge had held by socage, but the tenure of Sir Gilbert Talbot was unknown (Cal. Pat. 1396–9, p. 596). No grant of the custody of Sir Gilbert's heir has been found.
  • 168. Chan. Inq. p.m. 22 Ric. II, no. 47; Feud. Aids, i, 56.
  • 169. Chan. Inq. p.m. 1 Hen. V (Add. nos.), no. 63.
  • 170Cal. Pat. 1413–16, p. 128.
  • 171. Ibid. 132. Julia sister of Sir Thomas married one Phillips and had a son Sir William, heir to Sir Thomas Erpingham (Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. VI, no. 47).
  • 172Cal. Pat. 1413–16, p. 385.
  • 173. Ibid.
  • 174. Ibid. 1422–9, p. 86.
  • 175. Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Hen. VI, no. 47.
  • 176. Ibid. 12 Hen. VI, no. 30.
  • 177. Ibid. 14 Hen. VI, no. 12.
  • 178. Ibid. (Add. nos.), no. 58.
  • 179Cal. Pat. 1436–41, p. 116.
  • 180. Ibid. 92, 116.
  • 181. Ibid. 309.
  • 182. Ibid. 396; cf. ibid. 1446–52, p. 180.
  • 183. Ibid. 1436–41, p. 540; Feet of F. Berks. East. 19 Hen. VI, no. 3.
  • 184Cal. Pat. 1461–7, p. 27. Further assurance of title seems to have been obtained by conveyance of 1480 (ibid. 1476–85, p. 306; Chan. Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. IV, no. 95; cf. L. and P. Hen. VIII, iii [1032]).

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